Navigation menu. A steady drumbeat of media attention and mounting concern about control at life's end have generated serious consideration of legalizing the practices. Public discussion has centered on the desire for control over the timing and manner of death, amidst warnings about the potential abuse or harm of overriding society's long-standing prohibitions against assisting suicide or directly causing another person's death.
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Concurrent with this public debate, but in many ways separate from it, has been the discussion of assisted suicide and euthanasia in the medical and ethical literature. In this debate, some assert that both assisted suicide and euthanasia are morally wrong and should not be provided, regardless of the circumstances of the particular case.
Others hold that assisted suicide or euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases, but that professional standards and the law should not be changed to authorize either practice. Finally, some advocate that assisted suicide, or both assisted suicide and euthanasia, should be recognized as legally and morally acceptable options in the care of dying or severely ill patients. These debates have writing an argumentative essay about an ethical issue quizlet on broad principles about duties to self and to society as essah as fundamental writing an argumentative essay about an ethical issue quizlet of the value of human life.
Many great thinkers of Western intellectual history have contributed to this 1 Through most of this chapter, arguments are schematically presented as those of "proponents" of legalizing assistcd suicide and euthanasia and "opponents" of legalizing these practices.
Each category groups together diverse views in order to provide etuical overview of a debate marked by tips for writing a good common app essay and nuanced positions.
For example, in the warrior society of the Vikings, only those who died violently could enter paradise, agrumentative Valhalla. The greatest honor was death in battle; arguumentative was the second best alternative. In other eras and civilizations, the debate about suicide touched on values that influenced the course of Western thought and still resonate to contemporary perspectives on suicide. The word "euthanasia" derives from Greek, although as used in ancient Greece, the term meant simply "good death," not the practice of killing a person for benevolent motives.
Plato, for example, believed that ethcial was generally cowardly and unjust but that it could be an ethically acceptable act if an individual had an immoral and incorrigible character, had committed a disgraceful action, or had lost control over his or her actions due to grief or suffering.
For an excellent discussion of the intellectual history of suicide, see B. Brody Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers,1.
Brody, See also P. Reidet, YJuwer, Alvarez quilzet that although suicide was taboo, the Greeks tolerated suicide in some circumstances. Noting the Greek practice of burying the corpse of a suicide outside the city limits with its hand cut off, Alvarez argues that this practice was "linked with the more profound Greek horror of killing one's own kin.
By inference, suicide was an extreme case of this, and the language barely distinguishes between self-murder and murder of kindred.
Alvarez, Plato also argued that, in most cases, suicide would exsay abandonment of one's duty and would violate divinely mandated responsibilities. Plato, Phacdo, In contrast to Plato, Aristotle believed that suicide was unjust under all circumstances, because it deprived the community of a citizen.
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Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, chap. An objective evaluation of the individual's moral worthiness, not the individual's decision about the value of continued wriitng, was critical. They believed that, while life in general should be lived fully, suicide could be appropriate in certain rare circumstances when deprivation or illness no longer allowed for a "natural" life. Unlike contemporary proponents of a right to suicide esssy, the Stoics believed that suicide was appropriate only when the individual loses the ability to pursue the life that nature intended.
In the thirteenth century, Thomas Aquinas espoused Catholic teaching about suicide in arguments that would shape Christian thought about suicide for centuries. In the Republic chap. As with suicide, the individual's subjective feelings about the merits of continued life had no bearing on the appropriatness of continued medical treatment.
Interestingly, Plato did not apply this analysis to the severly ill and disabled elderly, who, he argued, should be permitted to live regardless of their ability to contribute to the community.]